Different Breeds of Poultry – A to C

A

AC

Ac is a local Vietnamese breed with white feathers and black skin. It is used as a meat line to supply meat that is cooked with some medical herbs at restaurants. The laying age starts at 5-7 months old with about 15 eggs per laying cycle. Egg weighs 30 g and mature weight is 1.4 kg for male and 0.8-1.2 kg for female.

Ancona

ancona2The Ancona originated near the city of Ancona, Italy, from early Leghorns and other breeds. Its mixed ancestry gives it extreme hardiness and prolificacy. Anconas were originally known as Black Leghorns because of their colour, which is black with evenly white-tipped feathers. As with Leghorns, Anconas are known primarily for egg-laying and produce large numbers of white eggs. They were once one of the prime egg-producing breeds in Europe, and joined American farm flocks in the 19th century. Active and busy birds, they are good foragers and said to be indifferent to climate.

Varieties: Single Comb, Rose Comb.

Standard Weights: Cock-6 pounds; hen-4-1/2 pounds; cockerel 5 pounds; pullet-4 pounds.

Use: A small fowl that lays a fair number of rather small eggs.

Status: Rare. The Ancona is quite unusual in the U.S. as a production breed.

Andalusian

andalStandard Weights: Cock-7 pounds; hen-5-1/2 pounds; cockerel 6 pounds; pullet-4-1/2 pounds.

Skin Color: White.

Egg Shell Color: White.

Use: An ornamental fowl with fairly good egg production potential.

Origin: Developed initially in Spain, the breed has undergone considerable development in England and the United States.

Characteristics: Andalusians are small, active, closely feathered birds that tend to be noisy and rarely go broody. Andalusians are a typical example of the unstable blue colour we see in the poultry industry. It is the result of a cross of black and white. When two blues are mated, they produce offspring in the ratio of one black, two blues and one white. These whites and blacks when mated together will produce mainly blues. Andalusians are beautiful when good, but the percentage of really good ones runs low in many flocks because of this colour segregation. Hence, they are not widely bred and never in large numbers.

Appenzell Bearded Hen

appbrd1Origin: Since the middle of the 1860s Bearded Hens have been bred out of breeds of country hens in the Appenzell Forecountry. Out of this came a powerful hen which with its relatively small rosecomb and throat and ear lobes protected by its beard offered little surface area for the cold to attack. The breed occurred in two colours, in black and partridge. Out of a cross with Andalusians developed finally a blue colour in addition.

Characteristics: This light, temperamental hen with a proud posture is equipped with all advantages for a rough mountain climate. The beard covers the sensitive spots of the hen. The mid-high positioning and the powerful wings make it possible for the hen to seek out its own food for the most part. Hens weigh 1.6 to 1.8 kg, roosters 2.0 to 2.3 kg. Bearded hens lay approx. 150 white-shelled eggs in the first year, each weighing approx. 55g. The brooding instinct is only moderately developed.

Breeding Organization: In the early summer 1985/86 Pro Specie Rara was made aware of the disappearance of the partridge-coloured Appenzeller Bearded Hen. Only nine mutually related breeding groups were present at six breeders. In cooperation with the Appenzeller Hen Club an emergency program was set up. In the meantime the stock has recovered somewhat, but as in other cases evidences of inbreeding have occurred in this colour hen. The black bearded hens are not in danger.

Appenzell Pointed Hood Hen

apppntOrigin: The Pointed Hood Hen has been present in the Alps for centuries. According to unconfirmed reports it was supposed to have been bred already in the 15th century. During the breed demarcationing of the last century it was found only in the canton Appenzell, for which reason it was named the “Appenzell Pointed Hood” Hen.

Characteristics: The Pointed Hood Hen is ideally adapted to the conditions of the mountains. It climbs admirably on rocky ground and can fly well, which intensifies the wild hen impression. It gladly spends the night in a tree – even in snow. Because it has only small throat lopes and instead of a comb two small horns, there is little surface for frost to bite. Characteristic is the narrow, forward-inclining hood of feathers on the head. Hens weigh mostly only a little over 1 kg, roosters over 1,5 kg. Pointed Hood Hens are relatively good layers; they lay approx. 150 white-shelled eggs in the first year, each 55 g in weight. The brooding instinct is very minimal.

Breeding Organization: A few breeders in the Appenzell Hen Club must be thanked for their efforts at saving this hen. Of course only four of the originally more than ten colors could be maintained from the few remaining hens in the 1950s. Most common are the silver-black spotted ones; they are put on exhibit over and over again at hen breeders exhibitions. More seldom is the gold-black spotted variety. They are held to be sensitive nurslings, and for the refreshment of blood in a breed hardly any other breeds are suited. Very rare are the pure black and the pure blue Pointed Hood Hens. They exist only in very few, numerically small and heavily inbreeding-damaged lines.

Araucana

Studio_ArcnaCk_0018_MAraucanas were recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) as a breed in 1976. They are blue egg layers with yellow skin, no tails, no beards and no muffs. They possess ear tufts, which are feathers that grow from a slender, fleshy flap just below the ear. The APA recognizes five colors of Araucana: Black, Black Breasted Red, Golden Duckwing, Silver Duckwing and White.

Araucanas were first bred in the United States in the 1930’s. They came from a cross between two breeds from Northern Chile, Colloncas and Quetros. Colloncas have no ear tufts but are rumpless and lay blue eggs; Quetros have ear tufts and tails but do not lay blue eggs.

Araucanas are frequently confused with Ameraucanas and Easter Eggers, not only due to misinformation, but often knowingly by unscrupulous sellers. Araucanas are scarce in the United States, likely due to the genetic challenges in breeding. The tufted gene in Araucana is a lethal gene. Two copies of the gene cause nearly 100% mortality in offspring (usually between days 18-21 of incubation). Because no living Araucana possesses two copies of the tufted gene, breeding any two tufted birds leads to half of the resulting chicks being tufted with one copy of the gene, one quarter of the chicks being clean-faced with no copy of the gene, and one quarter of the embryos dead in the shell, having received two copies of the gene.

Aseel

Studio_WhtnAslHn_0746_MThe Aseel (also spelled Asil) is an ancient breed from India, originally kept for cockfighting but today kept for ornamental purposes. Despite their history, Asils are said to be friendly when kept apart from other cocks. They’re also said to be very smart. Strongly muscled, they contributed to the modern Cornish “broiler”breed. Combs and wattles are very small. Aseel hens are broody but only lay a few eggs per year. Feathering is close, sleek and hard.

Australorp

FRE_AstlrpCk_1_MVariety: Black.

Standard Weights: Cock-8-1/2 pounds; hen-6-1/2 pounds; cockerel-7-1/2 pounds; pullet-5-1/2 pounds.

Skin Colour: White.

Egg Shell Colour: Brown.

Use: Generally a very good egg producer with a fairly meaty body of intermediate size.

Origin: The Australorp was developed in Australia from Black Orpington stock. It is smaller than the Orpington with a trimmer appearance.

Characteristics: Australorps have intense beetle-green sheen on the black birds, dark eyes, deep bodies and are very active. They are one of the best dual-purpose fowls, having gained attention in the 1930s and ’40s by being one side of the successful Austa White cross. This cross of Australorp x White Leghorn became the successor to purebred breeds on many Midwestern farms. Broodiness was a problem with the cross and some markets discounted the tinted eggs they laid. Therefore, it soon fell victim to the inbred hybrid crosses of “Hyline” and “DeKalb.” Australorps are good egg producers and hold the world’s record for egg production with one hen having laid 364 eggs in 365 days under official Australian trapnest testing.

 

B

Bandara

bandaraMore than six years were devoted for developing this breed of chickens in Gimmizah and Montazah Poultry Research Stations. This breed is named after “Bandara” a village that is considered a sector of El-Gimmizah Agriculture Research Center. The White Cornish and the Gimmizah were utilized as base population when developing this breed. The down color of Bandara chicks is recessive white. Adult birds are white in color, the beak, shanks and skin are yellowish white. This breed has duplex comb and red ear lobes. Comprehensive studies showed that this breed was superior to many other local breeds in certain productive and reproductive traits. This breed could be utilized as a foundation stock for meat production.

Baheij

4783t“Baheij” is a breed of chickens which has been developed in Borg-El-Arab Poultry Research Station, Matrouh.It was named after “Baheij”, the nearest village to Borg-El-Arab. The Silver Montazah and Alexandria were utilized as base population, when developing this breed. It resembles the Light Sussex in plumage color, but it has a duplex comb and the tail feathers are grayish whit crossed by dark bars. The beak, shanks and skin are yellowish white but the ear lobes are red. Attempts have been made to improve the body weight of this breed through selection for this traits, coupled with other body measurement.

Brahma

Studio_BuffBrhmaHen_1086_MBrahmas are gentle giants with feathered legs and feet and profuse, fluffy feathering. Originally from India, these birds were bred for meat production, though the hens lay relatively decently and are great setters and mothers. This fancy breed of chicken makes a great pet for its quiet and tame nature, tolerance to the cold, huggability and sheer chic-ness!

Barnevelders

Studio_BrnvldrCkrl_6493_MThe Barnevelders are the most popular dual-purpose breed of Holland. The breed has recently gained a large following in England, and during 1923 seemed to increase in popularity. The male has a black breast and tail, with red in hackle and saddle, like our Partridge Plymouth Rock. The female also resembles the Partridge Rock female, except that she has a heavy lacing on the feather with secondary lacing within. Where selection has not been along fancy lines, the color of the stock is mixed black and red. In 1922, effort was made in Holland to Standardize the Barnevelder stock as it existed in the hands of farmers. Of over 100,000 birds in the Barnevelder district, 2,000 were accepted by the inspector as possessing good breed quality. The breed has yellow skin, produces brown shelled eggs, has a single comb and red ear lobe.

Barnevelder fowls are hardy. They are good layers, sit and rear their own young. Hens should weigh about 6 1/2 lbs., and cocks, 8 1/2 lbs. Cold winds sweep over the home district of this breed, and the climate is very damp. Because of the climate conditions a thrifty type of fowl was developed. The females lay a good sized egg.

Buckeye

BuckeyeBuckeyes are a critically endangered breed worth preserving! They are also the only chicken breed of the American Class to have been developed by a woman (in — you guessed it — the buckeye state, Ohio). Their coloring is a rich mahogany brown with dark gray tips on their tail feathers.

Buckeyes are especially docile and can go broody. Their relatively large size and small pea combs make them winter layers and very cold hardy. They are fair layers of brown eggs, year round, and have a reputation for being good mousers.

Buttercup

ButtercupA small, spritely breed from Sicily, their chief distinguishing feature is their cup-shaped comb. Buttercups are nonbroody, lay a fair number of small eggs, and are kept strictly as ornamental fowl.

 

C

Campine

campine1_200Campines are a gorgeous Northern European fowl valued for their large white eggs and beauty. Their close-fitting feathers and relatively large combs mean they’re not the most cold-hardy fowl, but they can certainly tolerate some cold as they were developed in an area with cold winters. Campines are active birds and love to forage

Catalana

catalana-roosterThe Catalana, also known as the Catalana del Prat Lleonada, is a breed of chicken that comes from the region of Catalonia. It is also sometimes called the Buff Catalana for its golden plumage, Catalanas are a hardy dual–purpose breed kept for both eggs and meat. Though fairly widespread in Central and South America, the breed is extremely rare in North America but is included in the American Standard of Perfection.

Chantecler

Studio_ChtclrBtmPlt_6829_MVarieties:

– White
– Partridge

Developed in Canada as a dual purpose farm chicken, they have muscular bodies, small combs (pea) and wattles and lay brown eggs.

Cochin

Studio_BlChnHn_1054_MCochins are known the world over for being big friendly balls of fluff and feathers. They don’t lay well but are very popular because of their sweet personality and fantastic mothering qualities. Cochins became famous in the 1800s when this Chinese breed was given as a gift to Queen Victoria of England, who absolutely adored them.

Class: Asiatic
Type: Large Fowl & Bantam
Size: Very Heavy (8+ lbs)
Rarity: Common
Purpose: Ornamental
Recognized Varieties: Black, Buff, Partridge, White, Barred, Brown Red, Golden Laced, Mottled, Silver Laced, Birchen, Blue, Columbian, Red

Cornish

Studio_WhCrnshCkrl_297_MThe Cornish, known as the Indian Game in its native county of Cornwall in England, United Kingdom, is a breed of chicken. Cornish chickens, as well as crosses of Cornishes, are the most-used breed in the chicken meat industry. They are heavy, muscular birds that lay brown eggs and require little feed if allowed free range.

It is a large, stocky breed, and is often crossed with other breeds to enhance meat production. There are two varieties, the Cornish Game and the Jubilee Cornish Game. The Cornish Game is dark blue – green in colour, with brown patterning on the hens. Jubilee Cornish Game are much lighter, and less stocky than their counterparts. They are usually light wheaten in colour, with light brown patterning.The Indian game, also known as Cornish, is sometimes called the bulldog among chickens; you can actually see the roast chicken shape in it. It was created because people wanted to cross the Asian game breeds with old English game to create a fantastic fighter. However what they got (though not the right build for fighting) was a fantastic meat bird.

It comes in many colours and is quite a popular show bird, though it has a tendency for bad legs due to widely spaced hips. It is also when crossed with a Sussex or a Dorking, an excellent backyard meat bird. On average Indian Game produce 160-180 eggs per annum. Though aggressiveness is a common characteristic they are relatively easy to handle and make good mothers. Indian Game require more space than most other breeds so they may not be suitable for suburban producers or enthusiasts. The Indian Game is however highly prone to parasites, the Cornish must also be provided with extra shelter as their feathers tend to be thinner than other birds.

Crevecoeur

thumb4_crevecoeurThe Crèvecœur is a rare breed of chicken originating in France. Named after the town of Crèvecœur in Normandy, it is one of the oldest French chicken breeds, and may be the progenitor of the La Flèche, Houdan, and Faverolles.

They have uniformly black plumage, a V-shaped comb and large crests, similar in this last regard to the Houdan and Polish breeds. Their legs are a dark blue–gray.

They were first kept in France as dual–purpose chickens, valued for both their white eggs and meat. Abroad in the U.S. and the U.K., where consumers prefer table birds with light-colored legs, Crèvecœurs are primarily bred for poultry exhibition. They were admitted into the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1874.

Cubalaya

Studio_BlWhtnCbly_588_MThe Cubalaya is a breed of chicken originating in Cuba. The distinguishing trait of this breed is their long, broad tail—called a lobster tail — carried at a downward angle. In the United States and Europe they are now primarily kept as ornamental and exhibition poultry.

In the middle 19th century, the Spaniards brought to Havana, Cuba, several varieties of Asiatic game fowl that originated in the Philippine Islands. The Cubans crossed the Asiatic breeds, and subsequently re-crossed them with birds of European origin.

Cubalayas are characterized by their stately carriage; pea comb; abundant, flowing hackle feathers and long, well-spread tail carried about 20 degrees below the horizontal. They possess a friendly, curious disposition, are very heat tolerant and make excellent foragers when allowed to range. The hens lay small eggs and are good brooders.

The breed has been developed in standard and bantam size. Standard males weigh 4.5 to 5 pounds at maturity, with bantam roosters weighing around 26 ounces. The females are somewhat smaller.

Colours accepted by both the APA and the ABA are limited to black; black breasted red and white, though an array of other colours is found in the U.S.

These birds were then selectively bred for wide, extended tails and a curving beak, fierce eyes, and a courageous expression. In this manner the Cubalaya was created, independent from any scientific control. In 1935, the Asociacion Nacional de Avicultura (Cuban National Poultry Association) approved the breed. Their name was chosen in honour of the Republic of Cuba, which had patronized and refined them.

Read more at My Pet Chicken and The Poulty Site.


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